Parkes

Parkes
I.
/paks/ (say pahks)

noun
Sir Henry, 1815–96, Australian politician, born in England; contributed much to Australian federation.
Henry Parkes worked as a bone and ivory turner before migrating with his wife to NSW in 1839. In Sydney he began contributing articles to the local press and drifted quickly into active politics. In 1850 he founded, and until 1858 edited, the Empire newsletter, which became a powerful mouthpiece for the liberal movement, for example, attacking some of the clauses of WC Wentworth's Constitution Bill. In 1854 Parkes won a seat in the Legislative Council, and in the era of responsible self-government, which began in 1856, was elected to the Legislative Assembly. He achieved ministerial office, as colonial secretary, in 1866, became premier in 1872 and subsequently served five times in that position, the last in 1889–91. Parkes' political guile, his ability and his skills as an orator made him a larger-than-life figure in 19th century Australian politics. His many achievements over a long career include the introduction of the system of public education and major reforms in the management of railways and public works. Parkes championed the cause of the uniting of the Australian colonies and was instrumental in its achievement, becoming known as one of the major `founding fathers'.
II.
/paks/ (say pahks)

noun
a town in eastern central NSW; radio telescope.
{named after Sir Henry Parkes1}
Parkes lies in territory traditionally inhabited by the Wiradjuri people. Europeans were in the district from 1835, but there was little settlement until the discovery of gold in 1862. The initial rush was largely over by 1867, but the Bushman's goldmine, discovered in 1871, sparked an influx of 10 000 diggers and led to the area becoming one of the richest gold producers in NSW. Some goldmining continued until 1951. The radio telescope north of the town opened in 1961. In 1969 images of the first moon landing were relayed through here to television viewers around the word (a story told in the 2000 film The Dish); in 1981 the telescope enabled the first discovery of pulsar stars outside the Milky Way and it now forms a major link in the Australia Telescope's network of eight dishes. Parkes became an important transport centre with completion of the standard-gauge line from Sydney to Perth in 1969, a role that was further enhanced with the opening of the Inland Port road–rail interchange here in 1989.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Parkes — may refer to:* Sir Henry Parkes, Australian politician and Father of Federation There are also several things named after him:* Parkes, New South Wales, a regional town * Parkes Observatory, a radio telescope near Parkes, New South Wales * Parkes …   Wikipedia

  • Parkes — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Parkes (1813−1890), englischer Metallurge und Erfinder Broc Parkes (* 1981), australischer Motorradrennfahrer Frank Kobina Parkes, ghanaischer Journalist und Autor Henry Parkes (1815–1896), aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parkes —   [pɑːks], Sir (seit 1877) Henry, australischer Politiker, * Stoneleigh (County Warwickshire, Großbritannien) 27. 5. 1815, ✝ Sydney 27. 4. 1896; ging 1839 nach Australien, gründete 1850 die radikalliberale Zeitung »Empire«, die er bis 1858… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Parkes — Parkes, Sir Henry, austral. Staatsmann, geb. 1815 als Sohn eines englischen Pächters in Stoneleigh (Warwickshire), gest. 27. April 1896 in Sydney, lernte in Birmingham das Eisengeschäft, wanderte 1839 nach Australien aus, gründete in Sydney die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Parkes — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Sir Henry Parkes, 1815–1896, était un homme politique australien; Harry Smith Parkes,1828 1885, était un diplomate britannique; Mike Parkes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parkes — ▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, east central New South Wales, Australia, in the Lachlan River valley. Originally known as Bushman s, it was founded in 1862 as a reef and alluvial gold centre. It was renamed for Sir Henry Parkes, a state… …   Universalium

  • Parkes — This very interesting medieval surname is Anglo Scottish, but of French origins. Recorded as Park and Parke, the patronymics Parkes, Parks and the rare occupational Parkman, it describes a person employed in or at a park . This was not an area of …   Surnames reference

  • Parkes — Original name in latin Parkes Name in other language PKE, Parkes State code AU Continent/City Australia/Sydney longitude 33.1372 latitude 148.1759 altitude 335 Population 10026 Date 2013 06 25 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Parkes — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Parkes Country and Admin Code AU.02.16200 AU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Parkes — biographical name Sir Henry 1815 1896 Australian statesman …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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